Please get in touch if you would like pdf copies of any of the publications below.

* denotes student researcher

In review/prep

Painting, C. J., M. Symonds, G. I. Holwell. (in prep) The evolution of positive allometry and exaggerated traits in a diverse beetle clade

E. Powell*, C. J. Painting, G. Machado, G. I. Holwell (in review) Juvenile leg autotomy predicts adult male morph in a New Zealand harvestman with weapon polymorphism


Yu, G., B. H. Wong*, C. J. Painting, H. Li, L. Yu, Z. Zhang, D. Li (2023) Males armed with big weapons win fights at little cost to foraging efficiency and neighbouring trait size in an ant-mimicking jumping spider. Current Zoology Link


Mills, L.*, C. Chang, C. J. Painting (2022) Weak evidence for personality and behavioural syndrome in Teleogryllus commodus crickets. New Zealand Journal of Zoology. Link

Mammola, S., J. Malumbres-Olarte…C. J. Painting & others (2022) The global spread of misinformation on spiders. Current Biology 32: PR871-R873. Link

Sherratt, E., E. L. McCullough, C. J. Painting (2022) Commentary: The ecological and evolutionary implications of allometry. Evolutionary Ecology 36: 431–437

Painting, C. J. (2022) Size and shape variation in the male dimorphic head weapons of an anthribid weevil (Hoherius meinertzhageni). Evolutionary Ecology 36: 643–662 . Link

Muschett, G. R.*, C. J. Painting, M. E. Herberstein, K. D. L. Umbers (2022) Aggressive behaviour in the skyhoppers of the Australian Alps. Evolutionary Ecology 36: 663–681. Link 

Mammola, S., J. Malumbres-Olarte, ….. C. J. Painting & others (2022) An expert-curated global database of online newspaper articles on spiders and spider bites. Scientific Data  9.  Link


Pekar, S., J. Wolff,……C. J. Painting & 42 others (2021) The World Spider Trait database (WST): a centralised global open repository for curated data on spider traits. Database. Link

McAllister, T. G., S. Naepi, K. Dombroski, S. Halcrow, C. J. Painting. (2021) Parity during parenthood: comparing paid parental leave policies of Aotearoa New Zealand’s universities. Women’s Studies Journal. Link

Somjee, U., E. C. Powell*, A. J. Hickey, J. F. Harrison, C. J. Painting. (2021) Exaggerated sexually selected weapons maintained with disproportionately low metabolic costs in a weevil with extreme size variation. Functional Ecology. Link

Fisher, D. N., R. J. Le Grice*, C. J. Painting. (2021) Social selection is density dependent but makes little contribution to total selection in New Zealand giraffe weevils. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 288: 20210696. Link. COVER IMAGE

Yu, L.*, X. Xu, Z. Zhang, C. J. Painting, X. Yang, D. Li (2021) Masquerading predators deceive prey by aggressively mimicking bird-droppings in a crab spider. Current Zoology. Link

Giribet, G., K. Sheridan, C. Baker, C. J. Painting, G. I. Holwell, P. Sirvid, G. Hormiga. (2021) A molecular phylogeny of the circum-Antarctic Opiliones family Neopilionidae. Invertebrate Systematics. Link

Mark, C. J.*, C. J. Painting, J. C. O’Hanlon, G. I. Holwell. (2021) Lichen moths do not benefit from ‘element imitation’ masquerade in the absence of a matching background. Evolutionary Ecology 35: 401-412. Link

McCambridge, J.*, C. J. Painting, L. Walker, G. I. Holwell (2021) Contests between male New Zealand sheet-web spiders, Cambridgea plagiata (Araneae: Desidae). New Zealand Journal of Zoology. Link

Powell, E. C.*, N. Willmott, C. Selleck, C. J. Painting, A. J. Hickey, G. Machado, G. I. Holwell (2021) No risk to scrambling? Mating tactic does not affect the frequency of leg autotomy in a New Zealand harvestmen. Animal Behaviour 177: 99-106. Link

Powell, E. C.*, C. J. Painting, A. J. Hickey, G. Machado, G. I. Holwel. (2021) Diet, predators and defensive behaviors of New Zealand harvestmen (Opiliones: Neopilionidae). Journal of Arachnology 49: 122-140. Link


Powell, E. C*,  C. J. Painting, A. J. Hickey, G. I. Holwell (2020) Defining an intrasexual male weapon polymorphism in a New Zealand harvestman (Opiliones: Neopilionidae) using traditional and geometric morphometrics, Biological Journal of the Linnean Society. Link

Harvey, J. A….[& 72 other authors including C. J. Painting] (2020) International scientists formulate a roadmap for insect conservation and recovery. Nature Ecology and Evolution. Link


O’Brien, D. M., R. P. Boisseau, M. Duell, E. McCullough, E. C. Powell*, U. Somjee, S. Solie, A. J. Hickey, G. I. Holwell, C. J. Painting, D. J. Emlen. (2019) Muscle mass drives cost in sexually selected arthropod   weapons. Proc R Soc B.  286: 20191063. Link.

Le Grice, R. J.*, G. Tezanos-Pinto, P. de Villemereuil, G. I. Holwell, C. J. Painting (2019) Directional selection on body size but no apparent survival cost to being large in wild New Zealand giraffe weevils. Evolution. Link 

McCambridge, J. A.*, C. J. Painting, L. Walker, G. I. Holwell (2019) Weapon allometry and phenotypic correlation in the New Zealand sheetweb spider Cambridgea plagiata. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 126: 349-359. Link


Hua, Z., S. Wee, C. J. Painting, S. Zhang, D. Li (2018) Equivalent effect of UV colouration and vibratory signal on mating success in a jumping spider. Behavioral Ecology. Link


Painting, C. J., C. C. Nicholson, M. W. Bulbert, Y. Norma-Rashid, D. Li (2017) Nectary feeding and guarding behaviour by a tropical jumping spider. Frontiers in Ecology & Environment 15: 469-470. Link

Huixin, R. W.*, Y. Norma-Rashid, D. Li, C. J. Painting (2017) Courtship and male-male interaction behaviour of Orsima ichneumon, an ant-mimicking jumper spider (Arachnida: Salticidae). Raffles Bulletin of Zoology 65: 426-439. Link

Painting, C. J., S. Myers, G. I. Holwell, & T. R. Buckley (2017) Phylogeography of the New Zealand giraffe weevil: a comparison of biogeographic boundaries. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 122: 13-28. Link

Painting, C. J., C-C. Chang, J. F. Seah, D. Li (2017) Condition dependence of female-specific ultraviolet (UV)-induced fluorescence in a jumping spider. Animal Behaviour 127: 233-241. Link

Herberstein, M. E., C. J. Painting, G. I. Holwell. (2017) Scramble competition polygyny in terrestrial arthropods.  Advances in the Study of Behavior 49: 237-295. Link


Holwell, G. I., P. Allen, F. Goudie, PE. Duckett, C. J. Painting. (2016) Male density influences mate searching speed and duration in millipedes (Polydesmida: Gigantowales chisholmi). Behavioural Ecology & Sociobiology 70: 1381-1388. Link 

Painting, C. J., W. Splinter, S. Callander, T. Maricic, M. Peso, P. R. Y. Backwell (2016) Ladies first: Coerced mating in a fiddler crab. PlosONE. Link

Painting, C. J., G. Rajamohan, Z. Chen, H. Zeng, D. Li (2016) It takes two peaks to tango: the importance of UVB and UVA in sexual signalling between Cosmophasis umbratica jumping spiders. Animal Behaviour 113: 137-146 . Link 


Painting, C. J., A. F. Probert*, D. J. Townsend*, G. I. Holwell (2015) Multiple exaggerated weapon morphs: a novel form of male polymorphism in harvestmen. Scientific Reports. 5, 16368. Link 

Painting, C. J., G. I. Holwell (2015) Temporal variation in body size and weapon allometry in the New Zealand giraffe weevil. Ecological Entomology, 40: 486-489. Link  


Painting, C. J., T. R. Buckley, G. I. Holwell (2014) Weapon allometry varies with latitude in the New Zealand giraffe weevil. Journal of Evolutionary Biology, 27: 2864-2870. Link

Painting, C. J., G. I. Holwell (2014) Flexible alternative mating tactics by male giraffe weevils. Behavioral Ecology, 25: 1409-1416. Link

Painting, C. J., G. I. Holwell (2014) Exaggerated rostra as weapons and the competitive assessment strategy of male giraffe weevils. Behavioral Ecology, 25: 1223-1232. Link

Painting, C. J., T. R. Buckley, G. I. Holwell (2014) Male biased sexual size dimorphism and sex ratio in the New Zealand giraffe weevil, Lasiorhynchus barbicornis (Fabricius) (Coleoptera: Brentidae). Austral Entomology, 53: 317-327. Link 

Painting, C. J., G. I. Holwell (2014) Observations on the ecology and behaviour of the New Zealand giraffe weevil (Lasiorhynchus barbicornis). New Zealand Journal of Zoology, 41: 147-153. Link


Painting, C. J., G. I. Holwell (2013) Exaggerated trait allometry, trade-offs and compensation in the New Zealand giraffe weevil (Lasiorhynchus barbicornis). PlosONE 8(11): e82467. Link


Raukumara tusked wētā at night


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